In the Domesday Book Survey of 1086, Earl Algar and Ivo Talbois held Spalding. The latter was Lord of Spalding, and nephew of William the Conqueror. Before being granted Spalding, his domains were in Angers, in Calvados, Normandy. He became the Sheriff of Lincoln, which he ruled with much pomp from his Castle at Spalding. The Lord of Spalding’s dispute with the monks of Crowland which erupted in 1070 was continued by his successors until the 15th century. Lord Spalding had many other lands in the north, particularly in Lancashire and Westmorland.
The Spalding Name
The Spalding family originated in Flanders, the origin of many East Anglians of Britain. The surname Spalding appeared quite early in English history derived from the town of Spalding in Lincolnshire.
The first written record concerning Spalding was a charter issued in 716 A.D. by King Athelbald to the monks of Crowland Abbey. Another charter written in 868 A.D. referred to Spaldelying.
Spalding began as a division town of the fens and marshes of East Anglia, and was founded at the point where a road ran over the low country to the Wash. “Yng” is a Celtic word for fen or low meadow-land. Spalding was one of the Saxon divisions of the county known as “the Spalda.” The Saxon suffix “ing” from the Teutonic “ingoz” denotes sons of a family or tribe, thus, the people who lived in Spalding were known as the “Spaldingas” or the Spalding tribe. In the doomsday book in 1085/6, Spalding is spelled “Spallinge.” In Latin, Spall or Spald means “the shoulder.” The town of Spalding of saxon derivation means literally: “the tribe who live at the shoulder (of marsh land).”
The Spalding tribe were known to have held land in South Holland in the 7th century. The “Doomsday Survey,” showed Holland to be an area of large villages concentrated in the fens. The town became a market centre with two important industries: salt making and fisheries. The Manor of Spalding before the Norman Conquest belonged to the king’s geld (a tax paid to the Crown by landholders).
William Duke of Normandy and King of England confiscated most land belonging to Anglo-Saxon nobles, but didn’t touch land belonging to any of his feudal tenants in Spalding. The Manor of Spalding which had belonged to Algar, Earl of Mercia, was conferred upon the Duke’s nephew, Ivo Talbois.